IAC Review of IPCC
Biographies of Review Committee
Harold T. SHAPIRO (Canada/US), economist and President Emeritus of Princeton University and the University of Michigan, is a professor in the Department of Economics and the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University. His fields of special interest in economics include econometrics, bioethics, science policy and the evolution of postsecondary education. He joined the faculty of the University of Michigan, where in 1977 he was named Vice President for Academic Affairs and elected President in 1980. In 1988, he took office as President of Princeton University, serving in that position until 2001 when he became President Emeritus. He continued to teach during his presidencies at both Princeton and Michigan. He served as a member and Vice Chair of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology from 1990 to 1992 during the administration of President George H. W. Bush. He also served President Bill Clinton’s administration as Chair of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission from 1996 to 2001. He is author of several books, including A Larger Sense of Purpose: Higher Education and Society (Princeton University Press, 2005). In 2008, he was awarded the Clark Kerr Medal for Distinguished Leadership in Higher Education, presented annually by the University of California–Berkeley Academic Senate. He is an elected Member of the Institute of Medicine of the United States National Academy of Sciences and the American Philosophical Society. He is a Fellow of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia, an active Member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, and a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He serves on a number of boards of charitable, medical, and educational institutions, including the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation; Technion–Israel Institute of Technology; the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey; and DeVry Inc., where he is Chairman of the Board. Dr. Shapiro received his undergraduate degree from McGill University in 1956 and his Ph.D. from Princeton in 1964, both in economics.
Roseanne DIAB (South Africa) is the Executive Officer of the Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAf) and Emeritus Professor and Honorary Senior Research Associate at the University of KwaZulu-Natal in Durban. She is a Member of ASSAf and is recognized for her research contributions in the field of atmospheric sciences, particularly air quality and tropospheric ozone. She chairs the Editorial Board of the South African Journal of Science, and serves on the Editorial boards of the South African Geographic Journal, and Atmospheric Environment. Prof Diab has been a Fulbright senior research scholar, and has served as a member of a number of international commissions, including the Commission on Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Pollution (CACGP), the International Ozone Commission (IOC) and the Scientific Steering Committee of Stratospheric Ozone Processes and their Role in Climate (SPARC). She is a fellow of the South African Geographical Society and of the University of Natal. Dr. Diab has a Ph.D. in Environmental Sciences from the University of Virginia, Charlottesville (USA).
Carlos Henrique de BRITO CRUZ (Brazil) is the Scientific Director of the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP), in Brazil, and Professor at the "Gleb Wataghin" Physics Institute at the University of Campinas (Unicamp). Previously he served as Rector of the University of Campinas (Unicamp; 2002-2005), President of FAPESP (1996-2002), Dean of Research at Unicamp (1994-1998) and as Director of the Gleb Wataghin Physics Institute at Unicamp (1991-1994 and 1998-2002). From 1995 to 1999 served as Vice-President of the Brazilian Physics Society (SBF). Brito Cruz served in several committees in funding agencies, science related organizations and universities and presently he presides the Council for Technology and Competitiveness at the Federation of Industries of the State of São Paulo (FIESP) and is a member of the Telefónica I+D Advisory Board and the Microsoft Research External Research Advisory Board. His research interests are the study of ultrafast phenomena using femtosecond lasers, in which he leads a research laboratory at the Physics Institute at Unicamp, and science policy. He authored or co-authored more than 100 scientific papers and conference presentations, supervised 11 Doctoral Thesis (two in co-supervision) and 10 Master Dissertations (one as co-supervisor). In 2000 he was awarded the Order of Scientific Merit by thePresident of Brazil for his contributions to science and technology, and in 2004 he received the "Conrado Wessel" General Science Prize for his scientific career. Brito Cruz has been faculty at Unicamp since 1982. During 1986 and 1987 he worked as a resident visitor at AT&T Bell Laboratories in Holmdel, New Jersey and in 1990 he had a three-month visitor engagement at Bell Labs, Murray Hill, New Jersey. Prof. Brito Cruz also worked short terms as a visitor at the Quantum Optics Laboratory at the University of Rome(1981-1982) and at the Laboratoire de Physique des Solides at the Université Pierre and Marie Curie in Paris (1988). Brito Cruz graduated in Electronics Engineering from the Aeronautics Technology Institute (ITA) in 1978, received a M.Sc. degree in physics in 1980, and a D.Sc. degree in physics in 1983, both from the "Gleb Wataghin" Physics Institute at Unicamp. He is a member of the Academy of Sciences of the State of São Paulo (ACIESP) and the Brazilian Academy of Sciences (ABC).
Maureen CROPPER (United States)is a Professor of Economics at the University of Maryland, a Senior Fellow at Resources for the Future, and a former Lead Economist at the World Bank. She has served as chair of the Environmental Protection Agency’s Science Advisory Board Environmental Economics Advisory Committee and as president of the Association of Environmental and Resource Economists. She is a member of the United States National Academy of Sciences and a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research. Her research has focused on valuing environmental amenities (especially environmental health effects), on the discounting of future health benefits, and on the tradeoffs implicit in environmental regulations. Her current research focuses on energy efficiency in India, on the impact of climate change on migration, and on the benefits of collective action in pandemic flu control. Dr. Cropper received a B.A. in Economics from Bryn Mawr College (summa cum laude, 1969) and a Ph.D. in Economics from Cornell University (1973).
Jingyun FANG (China) is Cheung Kong Professor and Chair, Department of Ecology, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, in Beijing. He also serves as Academic Director of the College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, where he also taught as a professor from 1997 to today. His research interests include terrestrial carbon cycle, biodiversity and biogeography of plants, land use and land use change, and applications of remote sensing in ecology. From 1995 to 1997, he was Senior Scientist and Associate Director at Key Laboratory of Systems Ecology, Chinese Academy of Science. He worked as an assistant from May 1989 to November 1992, then as an associate scientist from December 1992 to December 1994 in the Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences. He is a member of the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS) and the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He has been awarded the HeLiangHeLi Science and Technology Progress Award (Life Science); Chang Jiang Scholars Achievement Award, China Ministry of Education and Hong Kong Li Ka Shing Foundation; National Natural Science Award of the State Council (the second class); and Natural Science Award of the China Ministry of Education (the first class). He was also recipient of the Yangtze Scholarship, China Ministry of Education and Yangtze Group. Dr. Fang holds a Ph.D. in biology from Osaka City University (Osaka, Japan).
Louise O. FRESCO (The Netherlands) is currently University Professor, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands where she concentrates on issues of sustainability and scientific policy. She is a recognized global leader in issues of food and agriculture and a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, and foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry and the Real Academia de Ingeniería. She worked at the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization from 1997 through to 2006 – first as Director of Research, Extension and Training, and later as Assistant Director-General covering agriculture, biodiversity, water, climate change, soils, plant animal production, veterinary health and food and nutrition. She oversaw major reforms toward more flexibility in responding to worldwide agricultural crises and increased collaboration with the private sector and nongovernmental organizations. She has extensive understanding of international environmental negotiations and UN processes and has participated in many of the major environmental treaty meetings. Fresco obtained a Ph.D. in tropical agronomy (cum laude) from Wageningen University, where she held the chair of professor of plant production systems and led the Department of Agronomy where she pioneered many interdisciplinary research programs, including land use and soil nutrient modeling. She has published over 100 scientific papers and three books (while reports written while at the UN were not published by name), and hundreds of articles on popular science in Dutch. She served extensively on boards and evaluation committees for several Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) centers. She was the founding chair of LUCC, a joint IGBP and IHDP program and land use and cover change. She is a member of the Socio-Economic Council of The Netherlands, the highest advisory body of the country. Beyond her scientific work serves as a non-executive director of Unilever International and as a board member of Rabobank, one of the largest cooperative banks in the world. She is deeply committed to shaping policy on sustainable agriculture and food consumption, the effects of climate change on vegetation and land use, and forging partnerships between the scientific, government and the non-governmental and private sector communities.
Syukuro MANABE (Japan/US) is a meteorologist who pioneered the use of computers to simulate global climate change and natural climate variations. He is currently a senior meteorologist at the Program in Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, Princeton University. Working at the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), first in Washington, D.C. and later in Princeton, New Jersey, he worked with director Joseph Smagorinsky to develop three-dimensional models of the atmosphere. He first came to the United States to work at the General Circulation Research Section of the U.S. Weather Bureau, now the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory of NOAA, continuing until 1997. From 1997 to 2001, he worked at the Frontier Research System for Global Change in Japan serving as Director of the Global Warming Research Division. He is a member of the United States National Academy of Sciences, and a foreign member of Japan Academy, Academia Europaea and the Royal Society of Canada. In 1992, he was the first recipient of the Blue Planet Prize of the Asahi Glass Foundation. In 1997 he was awarded the Volvo Environmental Prize from the Volvo Environmental Foundation. He has also been honored with the American Meteorological Society’s Carl-Gustaf Rossby Research Medal, the American Geophysical Union’s Revelle Medal, and the Milutin Milankovitch Medal from the European Geophysical Society. Dr. Manabe received a Ph.D. from the University of Tokyo in 1958
Goverdhan MEHTA (India) is National Research Professor and Bhatnagar
Fellow, Department of Organic Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India. He is a leading researcher in the area of chemical sciences and specializes in the area of organic chemistry. He is author of over 400 research papers and has delivered over 200 lectures in major conferences around the world. He is on the editorial boards of leading international journals in chemical sciences and organic chemistry and serves on the advisory boards of many research and development outfits and foundations worldwide. He has previously held positions as the Director of the Indian Institute of Science (1998-2005) and the President (Vice Chancellor) of the University of Hyderabad (1994-1998). He has been the President of the Indian National Science Academy (1999-2001) and founding Co-Chair of the InterAcademy Council (2001-2006). He is a Fellow of the Royal Society, Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and Fellow of the Academy of Sciences of the Developing World (TWAS). Among the more than 30 medals and awards and numerous honorary doctorate degrees, he was awarded the civilian honor of Padma Sri (2000) by the President of India and Chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur (2004) by the President of France. He is deeply interested in issues related to science and policy, science for sustainable development and is passionately committed to promoting and fostering international collaboration in science and technology with the object of bridging the knowledge divide.
José Mario MOLINA-Pasquel Henríquez (Mexico/US) was a co-recipient (along Paul J. Crutzen and F. Sherwood Rowland) of the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his role in elucidating the threat to the Earth’s ozone layer of chlorofluorocarbon gases. Between 1974 and 2004, he held research and teaching posts at the University of California, Irvine, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at Caltech, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) where he held a joint appointment in the Department of Earth Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences and the Department of Chemistry. On July 1, 2004, he joined the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the University of California, San Diego, and the Center for Atmospheric Sciences at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography. He is a member of the Pontifical Academy of Science, United States National Academy of Sciences, United States Institute of Medicine, and The National College of Mexico. He serves on the boards of several environmental organizations and also sits on a number of scientific committees, including the U.S. President's Committee of Advisors in Science and Technology, the Institutional Policy Committee, the Committee on Global Security and Sustainability of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, and the Mario Molina Center. He has also received more than 18 honorary degrees. Asteroid 9680 Molina is named in his honor. After completing his basic studies in Mexico City and Switzerland, Dr. Molina earned a bachelor's degree in chemical engineering at the National Autonomous University of Mexico in 1965; a postgraduate degree from the Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg, West German in 1967; and a doctoral degree in chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1972.He was an author of the IPCC fourth assessment.
Sir Peter WILLIAMS FRS (United Kingdom) is Honorary Treasurer and Vice President of the Royal Society, Chancellor of the University of Leicester, and Chairman of the National Physical Laboratory. He is a non-executive director of GKN plc and of W.S. Atkins plc and a Trustee of Marie Curie Cancer Care. Previously, he was Chairman and Chief Executive of Oxford Instruments plc, Deputy Chief Executive of VG Instruments Ltd., Master of St. Catherine’s College Oxford, Chairman of Trustees of the Science Museum, Chairman of the Engineering & Technology Board, and Chairman of the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council. He was knighted in 1998 and is a Fellow of the Royal Society and of the Royal Academy of Engineering. Sir Peter has a Ph.D. in physics from Cambridge and began his academic career in Cambridge and Imperial College and then moved into private industry in 1975, returning to academic life as Master of St. Catherine’s Oxford in 2000.
Ernst-Ludwig WINNACKER (Germany) is Secretary General of the Human Frontier Science Program (HSFP). He was the first Secretary General of the European Research Council (January 2007 - June 2009). After post-doctoral work in 1972, he became Assistant and then DFG Visiting Professor at the Institute for Genetics at the University of Cologne. In 1977 he took up the position of Associate Professor at the Institute of Biochemistry at the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich where he was made full professor in 1980. His main fields of research are virus/cell interaction, the mechanisms of gene expression in higher cells, and prion diseases. From 1984 to 1997, he was Director of the Laboratory of Molecular Biology, the University of Munich Gene Center. In 1998 he was elected President of the German Research Foundation (DFG), a position he held until the end of 2006. From 2003 to 2004 he was Chairman of the European Heads of Research Councils (EUROHORCs) and, from 2000 to 2004, Member of the European Group on Life Science (established by European Commissioner for Research Philippe Busquin). Prizes and distinctions include the Arthur Burckhardt Prize and the Zimmermann Prize for Cancer Research. Among other memberships, he is a member of the United States Institute of Medicine, of the Academia Europea and the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. Dr. Winnacker holds a Dr. honoris causa from the University of Veterinary Medicine in Vienna and is a member of the Bavarian Maximiliansorden for the Sciences and the Art since 1999 . He is the recipient of the 2009 International Science and Technology Cooperation Award of the People’s Republic of China, of the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star of Japan (2009), of the Commanders’s Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland (2007). He was named a Chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur in 2006 and received the Commander’s Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany in 2006. Dr. Winnacker who is the author of several books and textbooks, among them “From Genes to Clones”, studied chemistry at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zurich) where he obtained his Ph.D. in 1968, and completed post-doctorates at the University of California in Berkeley and the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm from 1968 to 1972.
Abdul Hamid ZAKRI (Malaysia) is Science Advisor to the Prime Minister of Malaysia and holder of the Tuanku Chancellor Chair at Universiti Sains Malaysia. He was the former Director of the Institute of Advanced Studies, United Nations University, and Co-Chair of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. He is a member of the Arab Fund Fellowship Program, Senior Advisory Group on Technical Assistance and Cooperation of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and the Executive Board of International Council for Science (ICSU). He served as the Secretary General of the Society for the Advancement of Breeding Researches in Asia and Oceania (SABRAO) from 1981-1989 and was Deputy Vice-Chancellor at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia from 1992-2000. He was the Founding President of the Genetics Society of Malaysia. His professional interests include biodiplomacy, education for sustainable development, and biotechnology and biodiversity policies for developing countries. Recipient of a Fulbright-Hays Fellowship (1981) and a Gold Medal Award from the Rotary Research Foundation (1999), he is a Fellow of the Academy of Sciences Malaysia, the Academy of Sciences of the Developing World (TWAS), the World Academy of Art and Science, and the Islamic World Academy of Sciences. In 1998 he received the Langkawi Award, a national laureate for outstanding contribution in the field of environment in Malaysia. Three species known to science are named after him: a beetle (Paleosepharia zakrii); a cicada (Pomponia zakrii ), and a pitcher plant (Nepenthes zakriana ).