The InterAcademy Council is requested to conduct an independent review of the IPCC processes and the procedures by which it prepares its assessments of climate change.
IAC is asked to establish a Committee of experts from relevant fields to conduct the review and to present recommendations on possible revisions of IPCC processes and procedures. In particular the IAC Committee of experts is asked to recommend measures and actions to strengthen the IPCC’s processes and procedures so as to be better able to respond to future challenges and ensure the ongoing quality of its reports
InterAcademy Council: Mobilizing the world's best science to advise decision-makers on issues of global concern
Expert Advice. The InterAcademy Council (IAC) is a multinational organization of science academies created to produce reports on scientific, technological, and health issues related to the great global challenges of our time, providing knowledge and advice to national governments and international organizations. Sound scientific, technological, and medical knowledge is fundamental to addressing critical issues facing the world today – economic transformation and globalization; sustainable use of natural resources; reduction of poverty, hunger, and disease.
Sharing Knowledge. At the United Nations in February 2004, the IAC released its first report, Inventing a Better Future – A Strategy for Building Worldwide Capacities in Science and Technology. A second IAC report, commissioned by the U.N. Secretary-General and published in June 2004, was titled Realizing the Promise and Potential of African Agriculture – Science and Technology Strategies for Improving Agricultural Productivity and Food Security in Africa. A third report was published in June 2006, Women for Science. A fourth report was published in October 2007, Lighting the Way: Toward a Sustainable Energy Future. Planned IAC studies will also address critical global issues – such as enhancing global surveillance of emerging infectious diseases; improving global water quality and availability; and scientific ethics and responsibilities. On 10 March 2010, the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the IPCC Chairman requested IAC to undertake a review of the processes and procedures of the InterGovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Global Experience. The IAC embodies the collective expertise and experience of national academies from all regions of the world. The current eighteen-member InterAcademy Council Board is composed of presidents of fifteen academies of science and equivalent organizations—representing Brazil, Chile, China, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Iran, Japan, Malaysia, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States, plus the African Academy of Sciences and the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (TWAS)—and representatives of the InterAcademy Panel (IAP) of scientific academies, the International Council of Academies of Engineering and Technological Sciences (CAETS), and the InterAcademy Medical Panel (IAMP) of medical academies. Official observers on the IAC Board include the presidents of the International Council for Science (ICSU) and the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW).
Independent Judgment. When requested to provide advice on a particular issue, the IAC assembles an international panel of experts. Serving on a voluntary basis, panel members meet and review current, cutting-edge knowledge on the topic; and prepare a draft report on its findings, conclusions, and recommendations. All IAC draft reports undergo an intensive process of peer-review by other international experts. Only when the IAC Board is satisfied that feedback from the peer review has been thoughtfully considered and incorporated is a final report released to the requesting organization and the public. Every effort is made to ensure that IAC reports are free from any national or regional bias.
Diversified Funding. IAC projects are funded by multiple sponsors, including national governments, private foundations, and international organizations. Administrative expenses are provided by special grants from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Participating academies contribute not only intellectual resources but also funding for developing new projects and special activities.